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Build an amazing custom remote control system using a controller you likely already have!


Video game consoles have been taking over the living rooms and basements of the world for decades now, and along with them come some pretty sophisticated controllers.  These devices contain joysticks, pressure-sensitive pushbuttons, as well as an accelerometer and feedback “rumble motor.” 

All of this makes them great for defeating aliens or controlling the world. It also can make them great for controlling just about anything. You just need to be able to interface with them.

One of the most popular game consoles was the Sony PlayStation 3. And the controllers that come with the PS3 are ideal for myriads of DIY projects.

Today, we will interface a PS3 controller to an ESP32. Our work will be simplified by using a great library that does pretty well everything for us.

Even if you don’t own a PlayStation 3 (I don’t), you can buy a PS3 controller “clone” for next to nothing. The model I purchased ran me 16 Canadian dollars, which is about 12 US dollars.  Considering what you are buying, it is a bargain.

PlayStation 3 Controllers

The Sony PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a video game console that was first released in 2006. It was the third home video game console produced by Sony Computer Entertainment and the successor to the PlayStation 2.

The PS3 controller, also known as the Sixaxis or DualShock 3, was designed as the primary input device for the PS3. It is an evolution of the DualShock design from the PlayStation and PlayStation 2 consoles, with the addition of motion sensing technology. The motion sensing technology lets the controller detect movements in three dimensions, allowing players to control games using physical movements.

PS3 Controller Layout

While you can get a variety of PS3-compatible controllers, they all follow the same basic layout. The controller has several buttons and joysticks, each serving a specific function:

  • Directional pad (D-pad) – A four-way directional button that is used to navigate menus and make selections.
  • Analog sticks – Two thumbsticks used for character movement and camera control. They can be moved in any direction to control the character’s movement or camera angle.
  • L1/L2 buttons – Located on the left side of the controller, these buttons are used for various functions, such as aiming or firing weapons, or jumping.
  • R1/R2 buttons – Located on the right side of the controller; these buttons are used for similar functions as the L1/L2 buttons, but on the opposite side of the controller.
  • Start and Select buttons – These buttons are used to start and pause games or to access the game’s menu.
  • Triangle, Circle, Cross, and Square buttons – These buttons are used as the main action buttons in most games. They are used to perform actions such as jumping, attacking, or using items.
  • PS button – Located in the center of the controller, this button is used to turn the controller on and off.

Naturally, with our ESP32 designs, we can use the controls in any fashion we choose. However, in some cases, it might be a good idea to consider the controls’ original purpose, especially if you are trying to make a remote control that is intuitive to a gamer.

PS3 Console to Controller Communications

The Sony PlayStation 3 (PS3) controllers use Bluetooth technology for communication between the controller and the game console. The controller sends data to the console regarding its button presses, joystick movements, and other inputs, while the console sends data to the controller to vibrate its built-in motors (known as “rumble”).

Bluetooth uses the 2.4 GHz ISM band, which is an unlicensed frequency range that is available worldwide. This frequency band is divided into several channels, and Bluetooth uses 79 of these channels to transmit and receive data.

The PS3 controller and the console communicate using a protocol known as the Bluetooth HID (Human Interface Device) profile. The HID profile defines how input devices, such as the PS3 controller, should communicate with host devices, such as the PS3 console. Data is transmitted from the controller to the console as HID reports, which contain information about the state of the buttons and joysticks on the controller. The PS3 console returns data to the controller to control the vibration motors.

Pairing the PS3 Console and Controller

To work with the controller, we need to use the ESP32 to emulate the PS3 game console; in other words, we need to “fool” the controller into thinking that it is really communicating with the console.

We will then need to pair the controller and the ESP32 in the same fashion that it pairs with the console. We do that by using the console’s MAC (Media Access Control) address, which is held in the controller in nonvolatile memory.

The MAC address is a unique identifier assigned to each Bluetooth device. It is used to identify the device and allow it to communicate with other Bluetooth devices. When the PS3 console and controller are paired, they exchange their MAC addresses, which are stored on each device. This allows the devices to recognize each other.

So the console stores the controller MAC addresses, and the controller holds the console address. The controller uses this address to communicate with a specific host console.

So we need to emulate that MAC address to work with the controller.

Getting the Console MAC Address

We’ll need the controller’s MAC address to pair it with the ESP32.  One way we can do that is to use a tool called the Sixaxis Pair Tool.

The Sixaxis Pair Tool is a utility that facilitates the synchronization of Bluetooth addresses between gamepads and mobile devices.  It’s a very simple utility that allows you to both display and change the Bluetooth MAC address of your controller.

The utility is freeware; however, it is only available for Microsoft Windows. I have installed it under both Windows 10 and Windows 11, and it works without any issues. 

You’ll need to connect the PS3 controller to your Windows computer using a USB cable; one probably came with the controller (mine uses a Mini USB connector on the controller).  

The first time you connect the controller to the computer, it will likely need to download and install a few drivers, so let it go ahead and do that.

With the controller connected, just run the Sixaxis Pair Tool. The MAC address of the console should be displayed. 

There is also a box that allows you to set your own MAC address. Just fill it out in the “00:00:00:00:00:00” pattern and click Update. You’ll notice that the MAC address displayed in the panel will change to the one you entered.

Be sure to write down the MAC address of the controller after determining what it is.  You’ll need that address to make the code work.

ESP32-PS3 Library

To make life easy, there is a wonderful library that handles all the interfacing between the ESP32 and a PS3 Controller.   It’s the ESP32-PS3 Library by Jeffrey van Pernis.  

This library has a function for every event on the PS3 controller. It comes with several example sketches that you can use to learn its operation.

ESP32-PS3 Library Installation

The easiest way of installing the ESP32-PS3 Library is to use the Library Manager in the Arduino IDE.

Just open your Library Manager and search for “ESP32-PS3”, and it will show up. Use the Install button to add the library to your local library collection.

The library comes with a number of demos, and you should try them out with our controller to get a feel for working with it.  You’ll find all the sketches in the Examples section of your Files menu in the Arduino IDE.

BTW, I’m illustrating the examples using the newer Arduino IDE 2.0, which is what I recommend that you use as well. But if you wish, you can also ruin them with IDE version 1.8; they will all work fine.


If you are only going to run one demo sketch, then run this one. It’s the “Grand Poohbah” of all the examples.

The sketch is all-encompassing and is the best sketch to learn about the library from. It detects every button and control event, both digital and analog (the buttons give back analog values too).

You’ll have to make one modification to the sketch, the MAC address. This is where you need to have the address of your controller, as determined earlier by the Sixaxis Pair Tool. 

Head down to the Setup, to line 203, and edit the following line:

Change the 6-digit MAC Address to the one your controller has in memory.

After that, you can upload the sketch to your ESP32. When the upload has finished, open your Serial Monitor and turn on your PS3 controller.

Start pressing buttons, if you are paired (it can take a couple of seconds), then you will see the results of your actions on the Serial Monitor.

Using this sketch, you can test almost every aspect of the controller. And you can use bits and pieces of it in your own sketches as well.


The PS3 Controller has an internal accelerometer and gyroscope, and this sketch can test both of them.

The sketch is pretty simple and is structured similarly to the first one, with a callback function called “notify” that is called every time data is received from the controller.

In this case, the callback gets the data from the accelerometer and then prints it to the serial monitor. There is also code that is remarked out for displaying gyroscope data as well.

This sketch can be viewed on either the Serial Monitor or Serial Plotter. Load it up, connect it to the controller, and give both the monitor and plotter a try.

A great example if you are trying to make an animated display remote or some sort of “real life” game.


This demo sketch works differently from the previous ones in that it sends data to the controller instead of receiving it.

The sketch activates the two internal “rumble” motors. It calls them within the loop and just repeats a rumble sequence.

Load it up and watch (or feel) it in action!  It’s an interesting form of tactical feedback that you might be able to incorporate into one of your own designs.

Controlling I/O Devices

So now that we have installed our library and tried out a few sample sketches let’s see how we can use it to control actual physical devices with our PS3 controller.

I will be building these on a platform that I call my “robot car developer’s base,” which is essentially a 2-wheel robot car kit with a power supply, motor driver, solderless breadboard, and a few prototyping accessories. Check out the video for more details.

I’ll be adding peripherals to the ESP32 and controlling them with the PS3 controller. Eventually, we will have built an odd form of robot car!

You can use these hookups and sketches to build a custom remote control project of your own.

Multiple LEDs

The first experiment we will set up is three LEDs.  Remember, the LEDs simply represent output devices; they could just as easily be relays or solid-state switches.

We will control the three LEDs using the buttons on the right side of the controller, the ones with the shapes on them.  Each of the LEDs will be controlled in a different fashion:

  • LED 1 will be momentary. If you press the Cross button down, it will illuminate, release the button, and the LED will be extinguished.
  • LED 2 will be a toggle. Pressing the Triangle button once will turn it on, and pressing it again will turn it off.
  • LED 3 is controlled by two push buttons. The Square button will turn it on, while the Circle button will turn it off.

You can use these three examples as the basis for your own custom code.

LED Hookup

We are going to hook up the LEDs to the ESP32 as follows:

Click on the wiring diagram to open a larger image

I used 220 ohm dropping resistors for each LED, but any value from 100 to 470 ohms would work.

You can use almost any ESP32 module for this and all the other experiments. Make sure to check the pinout diagram for your module, as it may not be the same as the one I have illustrated here.

PS3 LED Control Code

Now we come to the sketch we will use for our PS3 LED controller.  

We start by including the PS3 Controller library.

Next, we define the pins used for the three LEDs and some booleans to hold their state (true will indicate “on”).

Next is the “notify” callback function. We’ll get to that in a moment, but first, we will jump down and look at the Setup.

In Setup, we begin by setting up our Serial Monitor, which we will use for testing and troubleshooting. 

Next, we define the callback and on-connect functions.  We also define the MAC address that we will be emulating, so this is where you’ll need to edit the code to work with your controller.

Finally, we set the LED pins as outputs and print “Ready” to the serial monitor.

Now let’s go back to the callback function, called “notify”. This function is run every time data is received from the controller, and it contains the bulk of our code.

We start with LED1, controlled by the Cross button. There are two events we monitor:

  • button_down – If we get a button_down event, we turn on the LED.
  • button_up – This means the button was released, so we extinguish the LED.

Next, we move to LED2, which will be toggled using the Triangle button.

Unlike the previous example, we are only interested in the Triangle buttons button_down event. Exert time we receive this event, we flip the value of the boolean led2State, which we then use to control the LED. The result is that the LED will toggle every time the button is pressed.

Finally, LED3. It is controlled by two buttons, the Square turns it on while the Circle turns it off.

In both cases, we just monitor for the button_down event from those two buttons and set the LED accordingly.

Load up the sketch and watch the three LEDs. You should be able to control them using the four buttons on the PS3 controller.


We’ll hook a standard RGB LED to our ESP32 and control it with a few of the front push buttons on the controller. Each pushbutton will control a single color on the RGB LED, and the pressure you exert upon the button will control the intensity of the color, as the buttons return analog values as well as digital ones.

If you want to get finer control over the LED segment brightness, try using a joystick instead of a push button.

RGB LED Hookup

Click on the wiring diagram to open a larger image

The hookup for our RGB LED is similar to that of the three discrete LEDs we worked with in the last experiment. Once again, I used 220-ohm resistors as dropping resistors, but anything around that value will work.

The LED is a common-cathode RGB LED. In my demo, I used a big 10mm unit, but any common-cathode RGB LED will work.

If you don’t have an RGB LED, you could also just use three discrete LEDs, preferably a red, green, and blue one!


Our sketch will need to get the values from each switch and use them as PWM values for the LED segments.

While you might be tempted to use an analogWrite function for this task, there is a better way of using PWM on the ESP32. The ESP32 has several registers dedicated to working with PWM, and they are just perfect for driving LEDs.

We need to set up a few things to use these registers. So in the code, you’ll see variables and constants for things like the PWM frequency (5KHz), the PWM Resolution (8-bits), which pins we are connecting the LED segments to, the PWM values for each channel, and which channels we will be using for each color segment.

Moving down to the Setup function, we set up the three PWM channels and attach them to their respective pins.

Once again, the bulk of the code is in the callback function; the one called “notify”. You’ll see this pattern in almost every sketch we run today!

In notify, we will check whether the buttons have changed value. If they have, then we will get their analog values. As this is already in the range of 0-255 it can be used directly as the PWM value for the color segment.

We gather the three values and then write them to the RGB LED. Simple as that!

Load up the sketch and see if you can control the RGB colors. Try pressing the buttons part-way, to see if you can create dimmer colors. Also, try blending the colors.

It’s fun to play with and can be the basis of a more advanced variable control.

Servo Motor

A servo motor is a very useful device for all sorts of automation projects, and controlling one (or more than one) with a remote control can be very handy.

We will use a joystick (the one on the left side) to control our servo motors’ position.  It will be able to move the motor in either direction when you let go of the joystick; the motor will remain in the last position.

I have also set it so that if you move the joystick up, the monitor will “home” to the 90-degree position.  You can pick a different position other than 90 degrees to home at if you wish.

Servo Hookup

Hooking up the servo motor is pretty simple, as there is only one data line to deal with. 

Click on the wiring diagram to open a larger image

You will need to provide a separate power supply for your servo motor, the SG90 that I used in this experiment requires a power supply of 5 to 6 volts. While it might be tempting to use the 5-volt output from the ESP32, it isn’t a good idea, as the servo motor can induce electrical noise onto the power supply lines. Also, if the servo is restrained, it can consume a large burst of current, potentially overwhelming the power supply on the ESP32.

An excellent power supply for a servo motor is a 6-volt battery pack, such as 4 AA or AAA cells. The SG90 actually works better with 6 volts.

ESP32 PS3 Servo Sketch

We will use the ESP32Servo library, as it doesn’t interfere with the all-important Bluetooth operation like the Arduino Servo library. You may need to install this library from your Library Manager.

At the beginning of the sketch, we call both the PS3 Controller and ESP32Servo libraries.

Next, we define a few integers to hold the X and Y values from the joystick, as well as one for the servo position in degrees.  We also define the pin that we have connected to the servo control line.

In the Setup, we attach the servo to the object created to represent it, and we home it at the 90-degree position.

And, as with the previous sketches, most of the action takes place in the “notify” function, which is the callback function.

First, we get the X and Y values from the left joystick.

Then we check to see what direction the joystick has moved. We act as follows:

  • If it was moved upward, then we send the servo to the 90-degree position.
  • If it was moved to the left, then we move the servo to the left by one increment.
  • And if it was moved right, then we move the servo right by one increment.

We print it all to the serial monitor and wait for the next callback to be called.

Load the sketch and give it a try. You should be able to position your servo motor using the left joystick on the PS3 controller.

TOF Sensor

In this experiment, we will use a TOF, or “Time of Flight” sensor with the ESP32 and the PS3 controller.

A TOF sensor is a laser distance sensor. It operates on a similar principle to that of an ultrasonic distance sensor, except it uses a light beam instead of high-frequency sound.

The TPF sensor I will be using, the TOF10120, is a popular unit. I have covered it in depth in the article LASER vs Ultrasonic – Distance Sensor Tests, and some of the code I’m using here is borrowed from that article.  The TOF10120 is very inexpensive, and it should be very easy to find.

We will establish a threshold distance and use it with the TOF sensor to see if an object is getting too close. If it doesn’t meet the threshold distance, we will activate the “rumble motors” on the controller.

This might have a practical use when guiding a robot using the PS3 controller as a remote control.

TOF Sensor Hookup

The TOF10120 is an I2C device, so hookup is pretty simple.

Click on the wiring diagram to open a larger image

There are several I2C pins on the ESP32; I’m using the following set:

  • SDA – Pin 32
  • SCL – Pin 33

The TOF sensor is powered by the ESP32 3.3 volt output.

PS3 ESP32 TOF Code

Here is the sketch we are using to activate the controller’s onboard rumble motors when we get too close to something.

Much of the code for this sketch was taken from the code I used in the earlier article. Essentially, it gets the data from the I2C connection and formats ist for display.

Unlike the other sketches, this one runs in the Loop. Although I have defined the callback function, it actually isn’t necessary, as this time we are not expecting data back from the controller.

You can change the threshold distance if you like, I set mine as 125mm, which worked well for my experiments.

Load the code onto the EWSP32, connect to the PS3 controller, and move an object in front of the sensor. You should feel the controller rumble if the object is closer than the threshold distance.

This is a unique and great method of getting feedback, which you can probably think of a few uses for.

DC Motors

Next, we will hook up two DC motors with a dual H-Bridge driver. In this case, I have the motors mounted on a small “robot car” base, so we are actually building a working toy!

The motors will be controlled using the PS3 controller’s other joystick, and using the joystick, we can move the car around and control its speed and direction. 

I’m using my favorite H-Bridge controller, the MOSFET-based TB6612FNG. I have used this in many projects, it’s compatible with the L298N, but it outperforms it.

DC Motor Hookup

You’ll need a power supply suitable for your motors, again don’t share a power supply between the motors and the ESP32. I’m using two 18650 batteries in series to get about 7.4 volts, which works well with those little “yellow” robot car motors. A 6-volt battery pack using AA cells is also a good power source for the motors.

Click on the wiring diagram to open a larger image

The input lines for the motor driver are all connected to the ESP32, see the chart and wiring diagram for details. The STBY, or “standby,” line must be held HIGH to enable the motor driver.

ESP32 PS3 DC Motor Sketch

Here is the sketch we will use to control our DC motors using a PlayStation 3 controller.

We define all the connection pins to the motor driver. Once again, we will use the internal PWM registers to control the motor PWM, which sets the motor speeds. We also set it up as 8-bit PWM with a frequency of 1KHz.

We also define a boolean for motor direction. We will always drive both motors in the same direction in this setup.

A couple of other variables hold the joystick values and the motor PWM values.

In the Setup, we define all the connections as outputs, and we set up the two PWM channels and attach them to the PWM pins for each motor.

There is another function defined in the code, moveMotors. This function gets the speed and direction values and moves the two motors accordingly.

As with most of our other sketches, the real action is in the callback function, again called “notify”.   In this function, we get the X and Y values for the right joystick. These are used to determine the motor speed and direction, which we pass to the moveMotors function. Finally, we print all the values to the serial monitor and await another callback.

Load it up and watch your motors, or if you are using a robot car base, drive it around. You should see the motors respond in speed and direction to the right joystick.

Obviously, this is a very useful remote control upon which you can design a complete robot car project.

Putting it all together

This final sketch amalgamates all the sketches we have worked with in this section.   

The only change necessary was to move the channel used for the red segment of the RGB LED. The original channel, channel 0, conflicts with the ESP32Servo library. I moved the red to channel 5 to resolve this conflict.

Otherwise, it’s just every section of every sketch rolled into one.

It’s an example of how to make a custom remote control using an ESP32 and a PS3 controller.


A Sony PlayStation 3 Controller is a pretty sophisticated yet inexpensive device designed to blast aliens, drive racecars and move football players. And using the ESP32-PS3 Library, we can repurpose the controller to become a super remote control, capable of controlling anything that you can connect to an ESP32.

From moving a robot, controlling holiday lights, manipulating an animated display or just having the coolest TV remote control on the block – the applications are almost unlimited for this powerful combo.

And you might even have everything you need to get started already.  Even if you don’t have a few controllers on hand, you can pick them up for next to nothing.

So up your controller game – move from controlling video pixels to controlling the real world. Nothing can stop you now!

Parts List

Here are some components that you might need to complete the experiments in this article. Please note that some of these links may be affiliate links, and the DroneBot Workshop may receive a commission on your purchases. This does not increase the cost to you and is a method of supporting this ad-free website.

PS3 Controller (clone) – Amazon

ESP32 DEVKIT C – Digikey



Code used in this article – All the sketches in a nice ZIP file, ready to use!

ESP32-PS3 Library – The ESP32 PS3 Library on GitHub

SixAxis Pair Tool – Download the SixAxis Pair Tool for Microsoft Windows.


Use a PS3 Controller with an ESP32
Use a PS3 Controller with an ESP32
Article Name
Use a PS3 Controller with an ESP32
Learn how to pair a PlayStation 3 controller with an ESP32 and use it to control motors, LEDs, and a lot more. The code is made easy thanks to a very useful library, I'll show you how to use it.
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DroneBot Workshop
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1 year ago

Another really great tutorial. Thanks for the inspiration, Bill.

1 year ago
Reply to  Grahame

Started this project, but unfortunately, for me, the Sixaxis Pair tool doesn’t seem to recognise either of the two (new) PS3 controllers (from different manufacturers). Sixaxis seems to connect ok (so I assume the drivers are all ok), but it just reports ‘searching…’ continuously.

Patrick OKeefe
1 year ago
Reply to  Grahame

Same here, two different controllers. Sixaxis Pair tool, No device Fund. I just need the MAC address, correct? Reminds me of trying to get WiiPi to work, without success.

1 year ago
Reply to  Patrick OKeefe

I borrowed a pukka Sony Controller and that works just fine. So I’m considering dumping the lookalike and buying a proper Sony one.

1 year ago
Reply to  Grahame

Aww that’s a bummer. I have a Sony controller and have had no problems on the controller end. On the other hand when I tried upgrading to Arduino v2.0 EVERYTHING broke. I couldn’t get anything on to any board.. but that’s another matter. Much as I don’t like the company, you’re probably best using actual Sony remotes for this.

Patrick OKeefe
1 year ago
Reply to  Patrick OKeefe

I made sure I got an OEM controller and the Pair Tool worked! Looking forward to starting with these examples.

Patrick OKeefe
1 year ago
Reply to  Patrick OKeefe

I got an ‘Base MAC must be a unicast MAC’ error so, after a little research, I changed the MAC address in SixaxisPair to 48:22:33:44:55:66 and it worked

1 year ago

Hello Bill

Thank you for these Video.

I get an error for #include
Whén I change it to #include it works
Is this Ok ?

Kindly regards

1 year ago

Excellent Tutorial. I had quick test with my PS3 controllers (two) and it seems accelerometer /gyroscope does not work on both controllers and only getting ” -4 0 -132 0 ” in the serial monitor but all other functions are working ok. Do you think they have dead DOA or missing accelerometer /gyroscope ? or do i have do some trick to enable accelerometer /gyroscope to work? Thank you for suggestions.

James Miller
1 year ago

Great project the possibilities are endless. Thank you

1 year ago

Started this project, but unfortunately, for me, the Sixaxis Pair tool doesn’t seem to recognise either of the two (new) PS3 controllers (from different manufacturers). Sixaxis seems to connect ok (so I assume the drivers are all ok), but it just reports ‘searching…’ continuously.

1 year ago
Reply to  Grahame

When running any of the PS3 examples I the Serial Monitor shows;
Then when I start the PS3 controller I get;

ASSERT_WARN(21 16), in lc_task.c at line 2048

Has anyone else had this problem and managed to find a solution?

Any help appreciated.

1 year ago
Reply to  Grahame

Same here, would love to know what it means.

1 year ago
Reply to  Edge

Are you guys using plain vanilla esp32’s? The S2 has no bluetooth and the C3 doesn’t have “classic” bluetooth, only BLE, which is different apparently. I’m not sure about the S3…

1 year ago
Reply to  Jason

I’ve tried several Vanilla Esp32s, and a Adafruit ESP32 Huzzahs, to no avail 🙁

6 months ago
Reply to  Grahame

Same here… is there a already solution?

1 year ago

Receiving error:
c:\Users\Doug\Documents\Arduino\libraries\PS3_Controller_Host\src\Ps3Controller.cpp:3:10: fatal error: esp_bt_main.h: No such file or directory
 #include <esp_bt_main.h>
compilation terminated.
exit status 1

I’m using Arduino IDE 2.0.4 and Adafruit QT Py ESP32-S2

Any help would be appreciated. I really want to use my PS3 controller!

11 months ago
Reply to  Doug

same issue, re-selecting the right esp32 “Board” option in Arduino helped me

Jim Solderitsch
1 year ago

I have built an ESP32 based controller for flying the Tello drone.
See: ESP32 Tello Drone Controller
I wonder if I can interface a PS3 or PS4 game controller to my controller via BlueTooth? I happen to have a genuine Sony PS4 controller on my workshop bench. But I am using an AdaFruit ESP32 Huzzah dev board to make thinks work and Bill uses some other ESP32 board variety in his workshop treatment. Anyone have experience to make Bill’s demo work and if so what brand ESP32 and what PS3 or PS4 controller was used to make that happen?

1 year ago

By following Bill’s great tutorial,I’ve had success using an Adafruit ESP 32 Feather Huzzah, an AZ Node MCU ESP32 and a vanilla, unbranded ESP32 Dev board. All worked perfectly but ONLY when I used a genuine Sony PS3 (I couldn’t get an unbranded PS3 from Amazon to work at all).

11 months ago

I’ve been playing with the ESP32-PS3 library. I’d like to get some ideas on how to make the motors gradually accelerate and decelerate in a smooth way. For example when moving from full speed (joystick all the way forward) to zero (joystick centered) the motors stop instantaneously. I’d like to make this action gradual. Any ideas?

9 months ago

Hi, I am trying to pair the PS3 controller, but cannot get the Six Axis Pairing Tool to get the MAC address. Keep getting the following error.

“No device found…”

9 months ago
Reply to  Abdul

I had to resort to using a genuine Sony PS3 in order to get SixAxis tool to work, PS3 clone showed the same message you have.

9 months ago
Reply to  Abdul

I was not able to get it work with Windows 11, but I dug out my old Windows 10 laptop and it worked fine and gave me the MAC’s of the PS3 clones I purchased. They all had the same one and I was able to change them to unique ones. Making Mini R2’s for my grandkids and this was the final hurdle for the control system. Thanks for your post and link to the utilities. Huge help!

7 months ago
Reply to  Papalorian

Hello, so if you can get the mac code from the ps3 clone controllers?

6 months ago
Reply to  Abdul

FYI Some clone ps3 controllers actually show as an xbox controller, which wont work with 6axis but will work with xbox code.

7 months ago

After giving up on clones, I purchased a “Sony” controller. I am able to read and change the MAC address with the Sixaxis Pair Tool. I changed the MAC address to match the ESP 32. I am using a ESP32 DEV Module running Windows 10. When I upload my sketch, the controller works as long as the board is connected to the laptop. When I disconnect the USB cable and power the ESP32 with external power, the controller will not connect.

K.C. Huang
6 months ago

I tried to run the Ps3-esp32 demo and the demo gave out a whole bunch of compilation errors such as:
undefined reference to

and many more. All I did was to compile the code as downloaded, am I missing something?
Thanks in advance for your help.

K.C. Huang

4 months ago

Great information! I’m using a PS3 controller connecting to an ESP32 to drive my robot and it works fine except the controller times out and disconnects after perhaps 3 minutes of inactivity. To reconnect I have to power cycle the ESP32. Does anyone know of a way to jog the controller using code to keep it from timing out, perhaps something using Ps3.setRumble?

Mark Hamilton
3 months ago

Great Article abd very inspirational.
I wonder if it is possible to combine the PS3 controller as above and utilize the D+ D- pins on an ESP32-S3 to cable connect the controller to achieve multiple functions, i.e set the BLT MAC address for out of the box controllers (change unicast preset) and continue to use the controller in case of low battery or simply being hard wired?

Brett Wendt
2 months ago

My control inputs lag to my device. Is that normal??? I move the control input forward, then after about 1 second, it moves. I push a button for a servo, the after a second, it operates. Strange.